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a) India’s Ancient musical string Instrument RUDRA VEENA. Dhrupad and Khayal Style
Hindustani Music (North Indian Music)
History of Hindustani music
Theory of Hindustani music
Tal’s of Hindustani music
RAGAS of Hindustani music
Alap, Jor, Jhala of Hindustani Ragas on musical string instrument.
Gat’s of verios Ragas (Fix compositions) on musical string instrument.
A Study of 22 srutis, microtones, A circle of one saptak or scale.
We take booking the dates of concerts of Pandit Hindraj Divekar.
One of the oldest North Indian musical Instrument in India, and certainly one of the biggest string instruments world wide known as RUDRA VEENA
As well as SITAR.
TEACHING , CONCERT and RECOMMENDATIONS
a) Khayal styale,Raga Kedar. Tal.Zaptal .10 beats.
|| Shiva Shiva Mahadeva ||
|| Jata Juta Mathe ||
|| Chandra Biraje || Dhru||
|| Kanan Kundal,Gale Visal Mala ||
|| Hatha Trishul Saje || 1||
Shree Ekanathji Pandit,collection,Traditional Khayal.
|| Aad Mahadeva Been (Rudra Veena) Bajai,||
|| Pai Nyamat Khan ||
|| Sadaranga Kara Karam Dikhai ||
The composar of the khayal styale respected shree Sadaraga and Adaranga
wrotte meny Chijas (verses) in Hindustani Music system,in that shree
Sadaranga alias Ustad Nyamat Khan is admiting in this above verses,that he
has received this Been Vidya from direct Mahadeva Shiva.
Ahat Nada Anahat Nada
(Human can here this nada) (Rishi and Muni
Can here this nada
Sruti ( micretones)
This is the tradition of our Hindustani Indian music.
b) DRUPAD STYLE:
dhrupad style and what is khayal style.
Earlier the sankrit Prabhandhas were gradually replace by those in the braja Bhasha (the launguage of the people of north india) and these ,when set to music in particular style,came to recognized as dhruvapadas(Dhrupads).This style was brought in to prominence by NAYAK BAIJU,who flourished at the court of king of Gujarat ,from where he was brought to delhi by emperor Humayun. Another nusician who was responcible for
popularasing this style was Swami Haridas,the femous saint ofbrindavan,and the teacher and guru of the great Miya Tansen.it is said that hundreds of the dhrupads were compose by him and other saints.
In the court of Akbar there were four great dhrupad musicians. as well as Musician Lalkhan, and swami Jagannatha.
1) Tansen 2)Braja chand 3) Raja samokhan Singh 4) shree chand Rajput. there are four prevalent varities of dhrupad .
1) Gobarvani 2)khandarvani 3) dagurbani 4) Nohar vani .
A dhrupad singer or instrument player is mostly accopanied by percussion instrument called Pakhawaj or mridang.(The father of tabala instrument you can say).
some of the rhythms employed in the exposition of dhrupads are Choutal or chartal (12 beats), Dhamar (14 beats), Tivra or Tevara (7 beats),Surfakta or sultal (10 beats), Mattha (9beats), Fardost (13 beats) , Rudra Tal 17 beats),
The usual method of presentaion is to sing or play the composition in varying tempo like the double and treble of the original tempo and some times even in quadruple,with adornments of bol-taans and gamak-taans.
Dhrupad containning frivolous or romantic themes were not considered worthy of presentation in an august assembly however high poetic content of the songs.
There is style Hori set to time with a rhythm of 14 beats known as DHAMAR. hence this style is usually known as dhamar. Dhamar is generally sing or play after dhrupad.
another information about dhrupad.----------
Raga presentation in the dhrupad format consists of two distinc parts.
The first Alap,in three /four tempo,unaccompanied by percussion.
in instrumental music ,this format corresponds to Alap,.Jod ,jhala.
The second part is set composition words for singing, or fix compostion Gat in Chautal,(12 beats),and accomapanied by pakhawaj,
c) KHAYAL STYLE----------------------
Khyal is an arabic word and means "thought" or "impression",or imagination.
The presentation of raga subject could be more appropriate and appealing.To sung or play with innermost feelings of the heart,with more charming and gracefull,it created to suit the divine peace ,tenderness,the delicasy,passion,pathos,and of course with love or joy happy ness, this expressed in the poetry of the song or express your this innermost feelings with intsrumetal rudra veena divine notes of lord shiva. the themes of khayal therefore recount a variety of episodes in her personal
life,her entreaties to her lover,her balam, her sajan,her piya, her saiya,her loving sakhi,who constantly by her side,and to whom alone she could open her heart , of course with shiva and parvati who has made this all universe BRAMHAND,in the wording of poetry.
The khyal tradition is started from Sadarang,and adarang,and other musicians wrotte hundreds of verse composition is called chija,in hindustani music.
Today khayal is more popular,than dhrupad.
khyal is presenting the raga,and accompaned with percussion instrument known as Tabala.(The son of the pakhawaj you can say) in the khayal catagery,there are also tarana, tappa, thumari,and then minor modes are dadara , sawani ,kajari ,chaiti, hori.
in istruemtal music Rudraveena (The father of sitar you can say ) is following the same method to present a raga with imagination and inner most feelings, evry time new idea for presenting the raga in the following manner
just like ---Alap,jod, and jhala, this is also without percussion instrument known as tabala.
The second of part of rudraveena khayal style,the fix composition Gat,with accopanied by Tabala,
The fix composition Gats are in the talas,just like, Tintal (16beats),Dadara 6 (beats),Ektal 12 (beats),Zampa or Zaptal (10 beats),Rupak (7beas),matta tal (9 beats),and other talas.
in last century late Ustad Bande ali khan started this style ,his time is 1830 to 1895.He was playing dhrupad style as well as khyal style.The same style of khayal he taught to his students .same tradition contuneied by late Krishnarao kolhapure,and my father and myself.and other rudra veena players was also playing khyal style,you can refer my book.
RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE READER.
Yes i would like to give my recommendations to the reader.
a)To give the liveness to Rudra Veena musician.(Preservation of musician
b)To give economical suport to musician for musicians life in todays very
costly economic policy of the Government,for preserva the musician ,so
please arrange the Live concerts (Because Pt,Hindraj Divekar records are not available in
todays world market) very rare sound of Rudra Veena KHYAYAL STYLE ,Listen this most
valuable very deep ancient sound,for your meditation and peace for your mind
and for world,and glorry of the ancient sound Lord Shivas instruments Rudra
c) To promote and progate,this vanishing instrument.
To give sponcership and economical suport to student
s and peoples to learn this instruemnts and arranging
sponcership and funds for Rudra Veena concerts,or workshop,or
teaching in their city and their country to the people where they are
d) To save the most valuable divine ancient sound of Pt
Hindrajs Rudra Veena (KHAYAL STYLE) on this divine and peacefull and beautifull planet,and
popularise,private and personal leval, through todays very vast and fast
in the todays internatinal market.
Contact information for above recommendation items,
Pandit Hindraj Divekar.
82 Budhwar peth,Ramsukha Tulasi,
3rd floor,Flat no.301-302,
Near Ganapati chowk,Laxmi RD.
E.mail : firstname.lastname@example.org